The protective effect of chrysin against oxidative stress and organ toxicity in rats exposed to propetamphos


TEKELİ M. Y. , ÇAKIR BAYRAM L. , ERASLAN G. , SOYER SARICA Z.

DRUG AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01480545.2021.1981479
  • Title of Journal : DRUG AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY
  • Keywords: Propetamphos, chrysin, oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation, antioxidant status, biochemical parameters, histopathological architecture, rat, LIPID-PEROXIDATION, OXYGEN-TOXICITY, FREE-RADICALS, FLAVONOIDS, ORGANOPHOSPHATE, PESTICIDES, MECHANISM, OXIMES, CYPERMETHRIN, BIOCHEMISTRY

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the protective efficacy of chrysin against propetamphos exposure. For this purpose, 2 to 3-month-old 40 male Wistar Albino rats were used. These animals were randomly assigned to four groups. The animals in the control group received the vehicle substance (corn oil) alone. Groups 2, 3 and 4 were administered with 50 mg/kg.bw/day of chrysin (in corn oil), 10 mg/kg.bw/day of propetamphos (in corn oil), and 10 mg/kg.bw/day of propetamphos plus 50 mg/kg.bw/day of chrysin, respectively, for 28 days. Some oxidative stress/lipid peroxidation parameters (MDA, SOD, CAT, GSH-Px, NO, glutathione) and serum biochemical parameters (triglyceride, cholesterol, creatinine, BUN, creatine phosphokinase, ALT, ALP and pseudocholinesterase) were analyzed in tissue/blood samples. Also, histopathological findings were observed. According to the data obtained, no significant alteration had occurred in these parameters and the histological findings in the group given chrysin alone, when compared to the control group. Significant unfavorable alterations were detected in the oxidative stress/lipid peroxidation/antioxidant status parameters, all biochemical parameters and histopathological findings of the group that received propetamphos alone. In the group that was given both chrysin and propetamphos, remedial/recovery alterations were observed in the oxidative stress/lipid peroxidation/antioxidant status values, serum biochemical parameters and histopathological findings, such that the values and histopathological findings showed partly similarity to those of the control group. In result, it is suggested that chrysin may provide protection against propetamphos exposure and propetamphos-induced organ damage in rats at a certain level.