A survey of concentration of aflatoxin M1 in dairy products marketed in Turkey


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Ertas N., Gonulalan Z., YILDIRIM Y., Karadal F.

Food Control, vol.22, no.12, pp.1956-1959, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2011.05.009
  • Journal Name: Food Control
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1956-1959
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the presence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in dairy product samples by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Aflatoxin M1 were found in 135 (64%) out of 210 analyzed samples. Only 7% of dairy product samples were contaminated at levels above the legal limits. AFM1 was detected in 43 (86%) of milk samples (ranging from 1 to 30 ng/l), in 38 (63%) of cheese (ranging from 12 to 378 ng/kg), in 28 (56%) of yoghurt (ranging from 2.5 to 78 ng/kg) and in 26 (52%) of dairy dessert samples (ranging from 1.5 to 80 ng/kg). None of the raw milk samples contained levels above the Turkish legal limit. The AFM1 levels of 7(14%) yoghurt, 5 (10%) dairy dessert and 3 (5%) cheese samples were above the limits of the Turkish Food Codex. It is emphasized that the presence of AFM1 in dairy products may be regarded as a potential hazard for human health. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.