Last station in the eosinophilic asthma with chronic rhinosinusitis and/or nasal polyposis march: Eosinophilic asthma with radiological findings associated with blood eosinophilia

YILMAZ İ. , Bahcecioglu S. N. , TÜRK M. , TUTAR N. , OYMAK F. S. , GÜLMEZ İ.

JOURNAL OF ASTHMA, cilt.56, ss.111-117, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 56 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/02770903.2018.1443469
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.111-117


Objective: Eosinophilic asthma with chronic rhinosinusitis and/or nasal polyposis (EA-CRS/NP) is a subphenotype of adult-onset eosinophilic asthma. Blood eosinophil levels are shown to be highly elevated in patients with EA-CRS/NP and have potential for tissue infiltration. We aimed to demonstrate the clinical features of the patients who have a blood eosinophil level above 10% and have thorax computed tomography findings due to blood eosinophilia. Methods: Patients who were followed up in our clinic between 2012 and 2017 were retrospectively evaluated. Inclusion criteria were as follows: 1) Eosinophilic severe asthma, 2) eosinophilia >10%, 3) chronic sinusitis and/or nasal polyps, 4) patients with pathologic findings on thorax computed tomography, 5) regular follow-up for at least 1 year. Results: We identified 36 patients who met the above criteria. We defined this group as "Eosinophilic Asthma with chronic Rhinosinusitis and/or nasal polyposis with Radiological findings related to blood eosinophilia" (EARR). The mean age was 44.9 +/- 11 years and 64% were females. Nasal polyps, aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease, and atopy, were present in 81%, 47%, and 25% of the patients, respectively. The mean blood eosinophil count was 1828.6 cells/mm(3) (19%). The majority of EARR patients had upper lobe dominant ground-glass opacities. The mean follow-up period was 3.2 +/- 2.5 years. EARR patients did not evolve into eosinophilic granulomatous polyangiitis in the follow-up. Conclusions: This phenotype is the first eosinophilic asthma sub-phenotype reported in the literature. EARR is the final stage of the allergic march of EA-CRS/NP.