Understanding Vascular Age: Are Clinical scoring systems useful for Early Vascular Aging Syndrome Prediction ?


Kilic A., Baydar O., Elcioglu B. C. , Camkiran V., Apaydin Z., Can M. M. , ...More

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE & CARDIOVASCULAR PREVENTION, vol.27, no.6, pp.569-577, 2020 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s40292-020-00417-7
  • Title of Journal : HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE & CARDIOVASCULAR PREVENTION
  • Page Numbers: pp.569-577

Abstract

Introduction Early vascular aging syndrome (EVAS) is defined as increased arterial stiffness compared to age and sex matched patients, EVAS is measured by pulse wave velocity (PWV). Aim In our study we aim to identify in patients with high risk of EVAS using the CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc, and CHA2DS2-VASc-HS scores. Methods The CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc-HS and CHADS2VASC scoring systems are advised to determine management strategies in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. As they contain similar risk factors for the development or presence of EVAS, we believed that this risk scoring system could also be used to predict EVAS. This study was designed as a retrospective observational study. 2108 consecutive patients who had undergone 24-h blood pressure monitoring and measured PWV levels were included in the study. The patients were divided into the two groups according to corrected Pwv values. Results CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc, and CHA2DS2-VASc-HS scores were positively correlated with PWV values (r =0.251, p < 0.001; r = 0.457, p < 0.001; and r = 0.385, p < 0.001, respectively). CHA2DS2-VASc-HS score was statistically better than CHA2DS2, CHA2DS2-VASc score to predict early vascular aging syndrome (p < 0.001). For the prediction of EVAS, the cut-off value of CHA2DS2-VASc-HS score was >= 1.5 with a sensitivity of 49% and a specificity of 50 % (AUC 0.605; 95% [CI] 0.58-0.63) in the ROC curve analyses. Conclusions The CHA2DS2-VASc-HS scoring system might be used in daily clinical practice to calculate the total risk assessment of EVAS. This score is relatively simple to use and time-saving technique.