In this study, cytological examination of smears prepared with cytospin and bacteriological isolation from the samples taken with cytobrush from corneal surface of goats with keratoconjunctivitis were evaluated. An outbreak of infectious keratoconjunctivitis, which is particularly affecting kids, was determined in a herd of Saanen goats consisting of 200 animals (120 kids and 80 goats) that located in Bursa province between 2011 and 2012. One hundred and twenty kids were affected severely in this occurrence whereas approximately 10% of the mothers were affected. In clinical examinations, lacrimation and mucopurulent ocular discharge were observed in the kids. In the advanced stages of the illness, the most remarkable lesion was severe corneal edema, which is characterized by opacity and vascularizaton. Although the clinical signs started to appear solely in one eye, both eyes of all the kids were, generally, become affected whereas the mothers had unilateral ocular lesions. The mortality rate in kids reached up to 20% even though they received treatment. All of the infected mothers recovered after treatment. Ocular brush samples were randomly taken from 30 kids for cytological and microbiological examinations.