Molecular identification, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility patterns of <i>Candida parapsilosis</i> complex species isolated from clinical samples.


Cakir N. , Atalay M. A. , Koc A. N. , Kaan O. , Sagiroglu P.

Nigerian journal of clinical practice, vol.24, no.6, pp.853-859, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_50_20
  • Title of Journal : Nigerian journal of clinical practice
  • Page Numbers: pp.853-859
  • Keywords: Antifungal susceptibility, Candida's parapsilosis complex, C. metapsilosis, virulence, C. orthopsilosis, C. parapsilosis sensu stricto, BLOOD CULTURES, ORTHOPSILOSIS, METAPSILOSIS, PHOSPHOLIPASE, EPIDEMIOLOGY, SURVEILLANCE

Abstract

Aims: The aim of this study was to identify C. parapsilosis complex strains isolated from various clinical samples by sequence analysis and to investigate whether there are any differences between the species in terms of virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility. Methods: The study included a total of 42 isolates identified as C. parapsilosis complex based on the color they formed in chromogenic medium, colony morphology, and microscopic appearance in Corn Meal‑Tween 80 Agar and they were confirmed with API 20 C AUX. For the DNA sequence analysis of clinical isolates, V9G forward and LS reverse primers were used as well as internal transcribed spacers (ITS1 and ITS4). Biofilm formation, esterase, phospholipase, and protease activities were evaluated as virulence factors. Antifungal susceptibility was investigated via colorimetric microdilution method. Results: A total of 75 non‑C. albicans isolates were obtained from various clinical samples between 2016 and 2017 in a Turkish Tertiary Care Hospital. Of them, 42 were identified as members of the C. parapsilosis complex. Of the 42 strains, 41 were identified as C. parapsilosis sensu stricto (CpSS), while only one was identified as C. orthopsilosis. Of the CpSS strains, 31 (75.6%) were biofilm‑positive, six (14.6%) were esterase‑positive, nine (21.9%) were positive for phospholipase activity, and 31 (75.6%) were positive for protease formation, whereas all virulence factors of C. orthopsilosis strain were found to be negative. All CpSS strains were found susceptible to amphotericin B, echinocandins, and flucytosine. Conclusions: It has been concluded that the use of molecular methods to identify CpSS would not be effective in routine laboratory practices as it is the most commonly isolated species from the C. parapsilosis complex and there are no significant differences between species in terms of antifungal susceptibility