5-hydroxymethyl furfural formation and reaction kinetics of different pekmez samples: effect of temperature and storage


Oral R. A. , DOĞAN M. , Sarıoğlu K. , Toker O. S.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD ENGINEERING, cilt.8, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 8 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1515/1556-3758.2560
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD ENGINEERING

Özet

Pekmez (molasses) is a traditional food commonly produced from grape and other kind of fruit juices by evaporation processes. In this study, 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) level of various pekmez samples was investigated during storage at different temperatures. HMF content of apricot, mulberry, carob, grape, Juniperus communis pekmez changed from 133.0 ppm to 1060.5 ppm, from 88.2 to 1921.5 ppm, from 11.1 to 1153.6 ppm, from 75.5 to 2077.0 ppm, from 19.9 to 280.1 ppm throughout eight months storage period, respectively. Samples of pekmez from the Juniperus communis had the minimum k values for each temperature that means HMF formation in these samples were slower than other pekmez types. The kinetic data analysis for HMF formation during storage was performed and an Arrhenius equation was used to determine the effect of temperature on reaction kinetics of 5-HMF formation in pekmez samples. Ea values were found between 10.58-37.73 (kcal/mol). Apricot pekmez was found as the least sensitive sample to HMF formation resulted from temperature changes.

Pekmez (molasses) is a traditional food commonly produced from grape and other kind of fruit juices by evaporation processes. In this study, 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) level of various pekmez samples was investigated during storage at different temperatures. HMF content of apricot, mulberry, carob, grape, Juniperus communis pekmez changed from 133.0 ppm to 1060.5 ppm, from 88.2 to 1921.5 ppm, from 11.1 to 1153.6 ppm, from 75.5 to 2077.0 ppm, from 19.9 to 280.1 ppm throughout eight months storage period, respectively. Samples of pekmez from the Juniperus communis had the minimum k values for each temperature that means HMF formation in these samples were slower than other pekmez types. The kinetic data analysis for HMF formation during storage was performed and an Arrhenius equation was used to determine the effect of temperature on reaction kinetics of 5-HMF formation in pekmez samples. Ea values were found between 10.58–37.73 (kcal/mol). Apricot pekmez was found as the least sensitive sample to HMF formation resulted from temperature changes.