The equilibrium properties of the spin-1 Blume-Capel model are studied by the lowest approximation of the cluster-variation method which is identical to the mean-field approximation. The lattice is divided into two sublattices A and B, and different bilinear interaction parameters J(AB) and J(BA) between the nearest-neighbor spins are assumed. The temperature variations of the order-parameters are studied, therefore, the phase diagrams are obtained on the (J(AB), T) planes for given values of J(BA) and crystal fields D. It was found that the model yields both second-and first-order phase transitions at higher positive D values and the lines of which combine at tricritical points. Negative values of D lead only second-order phase transitions. The phase diagrams are symmetric under the exchange of J(AB) with J(BA) as expected.