An Objection to the Husband Chosen by the Family: The Girls in Trabzon are in Court


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Saydam A.

History Studies International Journal of History, vol.10, no.5, pp.137-153, 2018 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.9737/hist.2018.625
  • Title of Journal : History Studies International Journal of History
  • Page Numbers: pp.137-153

Abstract

 This research covers the issue of marriage to babies or young children who have on important place in Ottoman family life. These children have not yet reached adolescence. Married by their families, but the wedding ceremony will be held later. They are not aware of anything. Why do families of the children do like this? There are many reasons for this: kinship creation, kinship protection, do not divide the wealth, protect the child from the uncertainties of the future, find a protector for the child when the parents are not... But boys or girls do not have to obey these planes made by their families on the future. It is necessary for the children to apply to the court for this. After puberty, Islamic laws are providing the abolition of this marriage for the girls or the boys married when the baby and the young child. It was selected Trabzon city as an example in our research. The main source of the research is the records of the Trabzon Sharia Court belonging to the first half of the nineteenth century. These records give us important information about the baby or the young child married by their families. There are discussions among the families in the records of the court, but we still do not have the opportunity to know everything. Because, Sharia Court clerks write short, summary and standard decisions. So now many things we are curious about did not reflect on this records. We can still guess that this process is difficult for families and children. These issues were tried to be reflected as much as possible this article.

Bu araştırma Osmanlı aile hayatında önemli bir yer tutan çocuk yaştakilere nikâh kıydırılması konusunu içermektedir. Bu çocuklar henüz bulûğa ermemişlerdir. Aileleri tarafından nikâh kıydırılıyor fakat düğün daha sonra yapılacaktır. Çocuklar ise hiçbir şeyin farkında değiller. Çocukların aileleri neden böyle davranıyorlar? Bunun birçok sebebi var: akrabalık oluşturma, akrabalığı koruma, servetin bölünmemesi, çocuğu geleceğin belirsizliklerinden koruma, ebeveynin olmadığı zamanda çocuğa bir hami sağlama... Ancak kız veya erkek çocuklar aileleri tarafından yapılan bu gelecek planına uymak zorunda değiller. Bunun için onların mahkemeye müracaat etmeleri gereklidir. İslam hukuku küçük yaşta nikâh kıyılan çocuğa, bulûğa erdikten sonra mahkeme aracılığıyla bu nikâhı iptal ettirme hakkı sağlamaktadır.