Investigation of hydrogen production potential from different natural water sources in Turkey

Uysal S., Kaya M. F., Kayataş Demir N., Huner B., Ozcan R. U., Erdem O. N., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.46, no.61, pp.31097-31107, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 61
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.07.017
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.31097-31107
  • Keywords: Hydrogen production, Water electrolysis, Solar hydrogen production, Natural electrolytes, SOLAR HYDROGEN, LAKE VAN, SEAWATER, ELECTROLYSIS, EVOLUTION, EFFICIENT, SYSTEM, COST, HYDROCHEMISTRY, TEMPERATURE
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


Hydrogen production from the electrolysis of water by sea or lake waters used as electrolyte plays a crucial role in providing sustainable hydrogen production. Production of hydrogen from these natural sources is highly utilized from small scale to complex applications due to water resources' inconsumable potential. In this study, the hydrogen production potential of Turkey's different regions such as the Black Sea, Aegean Sea, Marmara Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Lake Van, Agcas, ar Dam, Yes, ilirmak, and Kizilirmak rivers are investigated. Solar energy potential values are used as the current sources for simulating their renewable energy hydrogen production values. According to the results, higher hydrogen production rates are obtained from the Marmara and Lake Van regions. It is concluded that the hydrogen production potential is highly dependent on the pH values of the water source and the salinity rate of seawater that is descending from the Mediterranean Sea to the Black Sea region. Besides, solar radiation, sunshine duration, and water temperature are the other essential factors. Moreover, Mediterranean Sea water (Icomma el-Anamur) has about 23% higher hydrogen production than Lake Van and has the most increased hydrogen production by 80 L m-2 in May and June. (c) 2021 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.