Determination of the malnutrition risk in overweight and obese patients with cardiovascular disease


Çalapkorur S. , Bakır B.

Clinical Science of Nutrition, cilt.2, sa.2, ss.74-80, 2020 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)

  • Cilt numarası: 2 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.5152/clinscinutr.2020.1015
  • Dergi Adı: Clinical Science of Nutrition
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.74-80

Özet

Objective: This study was performed to determine the risk of malnutrition in overweight and obese individuals with cardiovascular disease. Methods: We enrolled 238 patients who were undergoing treatment at the hospital. The demographic characteristics and health status of the patients were recorded, and their anthropometric parameters were measured. The Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 and Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form were used to determine the patients’ risk of malnutrition. Results: As per Nutritional Risk Screening-2002, 39.95% of the subjects were at risk of malnutrition. According to the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form evaluation, 42.4% of the patients were at risk of malnutrition, and 7.1% of them were malnourished. As per Nutritional Risk Screening-2002, 18.8% of the overweight patients and 21.1% of the obese patients were at risk, and as per the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form, 20.6% of the overweight patients and 21.8% of the obese patients (p > 0.05) were at risk of malnutrition. As per the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form, 2.5% of the overweight patients and 4.6% of the obese patients had malnutrition (p > 0.05). There was a significant and poor consistence between the two screening tools (kappa = 0.308). Conclusion: About 40% of the overweight and obese patients were found to be at risk of malnutrition; this demonstrates the importance of nutrition screening in this patient group. We recommend that nutrition screening be performed by dieticians using appropriate screening tools for all patients undergoing treatment in the clinics.

Keywords: Malnutrition, nutrition, screening, obese