Objective: Impaired cognitive function has been demonstrated in adults with growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) by using different neuropsychological tests. Despite several studies, present knowledge about the impact of GHD and GH replacement therapy (GHRT) on cognitive function is limited. P300 event-related potential (ERP) application is a well-established neurophysiological approach in the assessment of cognitive functions including the updating of working memory content and the speed of stimulus evaluation. GHD is a well-known feature of Sheehan's syndrome and cognitive changes due to GHD and the effects of GHRT remain to be clarified. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of GHD and 6 months of GHRT on cognitive function in patients with Sheehan's syndrome by using P300 latency.