Demographic parameters and biological features of Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on four ornamental plants


ÇALIŞKAN A. F. , Kaydan M. B. , MUŞTU M. , ULUSOY M. R.

PHYTOPARASITICA, vol.44, no.1, pp.75-82, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12600-015-0496-8
  • Title of Journal : PHYTOPARASITICA
  • Page Numbers: pp.75-82

Abstract

The development, reproduction and life table parameters of the cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on four ornamental plants (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L., H. syriacus L. (Malvaceae), Brugmansia aurea Lagerh., Cestrum nocturnum L. (Solanaceae)) were studied at 25 +/- 2 degrees C, 60% +/- 10% r. h., and 16 hours daily artificial light. Life table data were analyzed by using an age-stage, two-sex life table. The highest intrinsic rate of increase (0.2911 d(-1)), finite rate of increase (1.3380 d(-1)), net reproductive rate (258.0 nymphs/female) and gross reproduction rate (342.6 nymphs/female), as well as the shortest mean generation times (19.1 days) were obtained when the mealybug was reared on H. syriacus.