Automated evaluation of parapapillary choroidal microvasculature in crowded optic discs: a controlled, optical coherence tomography angiography study


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ARDA H., ŞENER H., TEMİZYÜREK Ö., SÖNMEZ H. K., GÜLMEZ SEVİM D., EVEREKLİOĞLU C., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, vol.17, no.1, pp.113-118, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.18240/ijo.2024.01.15
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.113-118
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

AIM: To compare superficial and deep vascular properties of optic discs between crowded discs and controls using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). METHODS: Thirty patients with crowded discs, and control subjects were enrolled in the study. One eye of each individual was included and OCT-A scans of optic discs were obtained in a 4.5x4.5 mm(2) rectangular area. Radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) density, peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) thickness, cup volume, rim area, disc area, cup-to-disc (c/d) area ratio, and vertical ratio were obtained automatically using device software. Automated parapapillary choroidal microvasculature (PPCMv) density was calculated using MATLAB software. When the vertical c/d ratio of the optic disc was absent small cup, it was considered as a crowded disc. RESULTS: The mean signal strength index of OCT-A images was similar between the crowded discs and control eyes (P=0.740). There was no difference in pRNFL between the two groups (P=0.102). There were no differences RPC density in whole image (P=0.826) and peripapillary region (P=0.923), but inside disc RPC density was higher crowded optic discs (P=0.003). The PPCMv density in inner-hemisuperior region was also lower in crowded discs (P=0.026). The pRNFL thickness was positively correlated with peripapillary RPC density (r=0.498, P<0.001). inside disc RPC density was negatively correlated with area ratio (r=-0.341, P=0.002). CONCLUSION: The higher inside disc RPC density lower inner-hemisuperior PPCMv density are found in eyes with crowded optic discs.