IONICS, vol.20, no.3, pp.323-333, 2014 (SCI-Expanded)
The surface of spinel LiMn2O4 was modified with Fe2O3 (1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 wt%) by a simple sol-gel method to improve its electrochemical performance at room temperature. Compared with bare LiMn2O4, surface modification improved cycling stability of the material. Among the surface-modified cathode materials, the 3.0- and 4.0-wt% surface-modified cathodes have lesser capacity loss than the others. While the bare LiMn2O4 showed 25.4 % capacity loss in 70 cycles at room temperature, 3.0 and 4.0 wt% of Fe2O3-modified LiMn2O4 only exhibited the capacity loss of 2.6 and 2.3 % in 70 cycles at room temperature, respectively. The structure and phase were identified with X-ray diffractometer along with the lattice constant calculated by a Win-Metric program.