It can be said that modernization in Turkey has followed a three-step process. While the intellectual foundations of modernization are based on the Tanzimat; structural, political and institutional transformations are based on the Republican revolutions, and socioeconomic and cultural dynamics are based on the democratization and industrialization processes that have started after the 1950s. The political, economic and cultural changes, which have emerged in the third phase, have widened the ideological and cultural representations of modernization to the larger part of the society. One of the main driving forces of change is the democratic political transformation, and the other is socio-economic and cultural transformations that are characterized urbanization, industrialization and global modernization. Both processes, which have deeply impressed on social and daily life, have developed depending on some internal and external factors.