Three years prospective investigation of pituitary functions following subarachnoid haemorrhage

Karaca Z. C., TANRIVERDİ F., DAĞLI A., SELÇUKLU A., Casanueva F. F., ÜNLÜHİZARCI K., ...More

PITUITARY, vol.16, no.1, pp.76-82, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11102-012-0377-9
  • Journal Name: PITUITARY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.76-82
  • Keywords: Subarachnoid haemorrhage, Pituitary, Cortisol, Growth hormone, TRAUMATIC BRAIN-INJURY, NEUROENDOCRINE DYSFUNCTION, ACUTE-PHASE, HIGH-RISK, HYPOPITUITARISM
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is known to be related to pituitary dysfuntion in retrospective and short-term prospective studies. We aimed to investigate pituitary functions in patients with SAH in longer follow-up periods to demonstrate if pituitary hormone deficiencies recover, persist or new hormone deficiencies occur. Twenty patients with SAH, who were followed up for 3 years, were included in the present study. Patients were evaluated with basal hormone levels and glucagon stimulation test (GST). Serum basal cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) levels were found to be significantly elevated at 3rd year of SAH compared to 1st year. Other basal hormone levels at 3rd year did not show a significant change from the levels found at 1st year. One of the patients had ACTH deficiency at 1st year of SAH and recovered at 3rd year. Growth hormone (GH) deficiency, according to GST, was diagnosed in 4 patients. One patient with GH deficiency at first year was still deficient, 3 of them recovered and 3 patients were found to have new-onset GH deficiency 3 years after SAH. SAH is associated with anterior pituitary dysfunction and GH is the most frequently found deficient hormone in the patients. Although one year after SAH seems to be an appropriate time for the evaluation of pituitary functions, further follow-up may be required at least in some cases due to recovered and new-onset hormone deficiencies at 3rd year of SAH.