Rapid establishment of a vascular network is essential for normal functionality of the corpus luteum (CL). The early luteal phase is associated with increased expression of the VEGF system in canine CL. Acting in synchrony with angiopoietins (ANGPTs), VEGF system plays major roles in stabilization of blood vessels. However, the expression of the ANGPT system has not yet been investigated in the dog. Therefore, here, we investigated the luteal expression of ANGPT1, -2, and of their receptors TIE1 and -2, in pregnant dogs at selected time points during pregnancy and at normal and antigestagen-induced luteolysis. Additionally, luteal cells from early CL were incubated with PGE2 and its effects on the ANGPT system were assessed. Whereas the luteal ANGPT1 was stable until midgestation, TIE1 was elevated post-implantation, their expression decreased toward prepartum luteolysis. The ANGPT2- and TIE2-mRNA did not vary during pregnancy. The ANGPT2/ANGPT1 ratio was elevated during prepartum luteolysis. PGE2 increased ANGPT2, but suppressed ANGPT1 levels. None of the ANGPT-system members was affected by antigestagen treatment in mid-pregnancy. Localization of ANGPT1 was predominantly found in the tunica intima and media of vessels and ANGPT2 stained strongly in luteal cells. Both ANGPTs were localized in macrophages. TIE1 stained in the vascular tunica media, in luteal cells and macrophages, whereas TIE2 was colocalized with ANGPT1 in vascular components. In conclusion, high expression of ANGPT1 during the increased presence of VEGFA in early canine CL implies its contribution to vascular network development. The upregulation of the ANGPT2/ANGPT1 ratio during prepartum luteolysis indicates involvement of the ANGPT system in PGF2 alpha-mediated vascular destabilization.