Cryopreservation of bull sperm: Effects of extender supplemented with different cryoprotectants and antioxidants on sperm motility, antioxidant capacity and fertility results


Buyukleblebici S., Tuncer P. B., Bucak M. N., EKEN A., SARIÖZKAN S., Tasdemir U., ...More

ANIMAL REPRODUCTION SCIENCE, vol.150, pp.77-83, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 150
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2014.09.006
  • Journal Name: ANIMAL REPRODUCTION SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.77-83
  • Keywords: Antioxidants, Bull semen, Cryoprotectant, Freezing, Fertility, OXIDATIVE STRESS PARAMETERS, EGG-YOLK EXTENDER, TREHALOSE SUPPLEMENTATION, CHROMATIN-STRUCTURE, SEMEN QUALITY, GOAT SEMEN, SPERMATOZOA, CYSTEINE, GLUTATHIONE, VIABILITY
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to compare glycerol (G) and ethylene glycol (EG) at different concentrations and trehalose (T) or cysteine (C; with/without) in Tris extender for cryopreservation of bull semen. Twenty-four ejaculates obtained from three bulls were included in the study. Each ejaculate was divided into four equal aliquots and diluted using both of the Tris extenders with G (5% or 7%) or EG (3% or 5%). After that, each extenders were divided into three equal aliquots and diluted using both of the 5 mM C or 25 mM T, and control (without additives) was cooled to 4 degrees C and frozen in 0.25 ml French straws. The addition of 3% and 5% EG without antioxidants resulted in the least Computer-Assisted Sperm motility Analysis (CASA) motility as compared with the other groups. Treatment with 25 mM Tin 3% EG beneficially effected acrosome morphology as compared with the other groups. Also, treatment with 3% EG with 25 mM T and 5% EG resulted in a greater rate of total abnormalities. Treatment with 3% G yielded a slightly greater percentage of membrane integrity by Hypo-Osmotic Swelling Test (HOST) assessment than that of the other groups. Treatment with 3% EG with 5 mM C resulted in the greatest concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA). The glutathione peroxidase (GPx) antioxidant activity was increased in the C-treatment groups when compared to the other groups. Treatment with 5% EG and 5 mM C resulted in less chromatin damage and detrimental impacts on tail moment. Treatment with 5% EG led to greater non-return rates of inseminated cows. However, this result was not considered to be statistically important. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.