Development and Assessment of Geothermal Based Underground Pumped Hydro Energy Storage System Integrated with Organic Rankine Cycle and District Heating

Erdemir D.

International Journal Of Energy Research, cilt.44, ss.10894-10907, 2020 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 44 Konu: 13
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/er.5913
  • Dergi Adı: International Journal Of Energy Research
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.10894-10907


This study develops a geothermal based pumped hydro energy storage system (UPHES) integrated with an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) and district heating. The ORC has been integrated into the system for contributing the power demand of the pump used during the charging period to pump the water from the underground to the upper reservoir. District heating has been performed by geothermal. Heat recovered from the ORC has been used for the preheating of water used in district heating before entering the upper reservoir. With this proposed integrated system, both the peak energy demand has been shifted to off-peak hours and district heating has been performed. An ORC has also been included in the system to contribute to the energy demand of the UPHES pump. In order to evaluate the system’s performance, thermodynamic analysis has been performed base on energetic and exergetic efficiencies. In the base case study, 60 MWh of electricity has stored by the UPHES. Also, a 2.8 MW of heating demand of 100 houses has been met and a 1.7 MW of power has been generated by the ORC. The power of the UPHES pump has been calculated as 6.81 MW. The efficiency of the UPHES system is 73.34%. Overall energy and exergy efficiencies of the proposed integrated system have been calculated as 93.09% and 78.37%, respectively.