JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, cilt.133, sa.23, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
We investigate the critical lines of polymer mixtures in the presence of their vapor phase at the mathematical double point, where two critical lines meet and exchange branches, and its environment. The model used combines the lattice gas model of Schouten, ten Seldam and Trappeniers with the Flory-Huggins theory. The critical line structure is displayed for various combinations of the chain length and system parameters in the pressure (P)-temperature (T) plane, as is usually done with experimental results. This type of work sheds light on the essential transition mechanism involved in the phase diagram's change of character, such as multi-critical points and mathematical double points, which are of great practical importance in supercritical fluid extraction processes. The P, T diagrams are discussed in accordance with the Scott and van Konynenburg binary phase diagram classification. We found that our P, T plots were in agreement with type II, type III, or type IV phase diagram behaviors. We also found that some of our phase diagrams represent the liquid-liquid equilibria in polymer solutions and mixtures. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3518977]