DETERMINING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SUSTAINABLE NUTRITION AND TENDENCIES OF ORTHOREXIA NERVOSA IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS


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Aslan Gönül B., Özkan N.

1 st INTERNATIONAL TRADITIONAL FOODS AND SUSTAINABLE FOOD SYSTEMS SYMPOSIUM, Mersin, Turkey, 10 August 2022, pp.16

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Mersin
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.16
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Sustainable nutrition has attracted more attention today as a result of the increase in the world population and the increasing interest in climate change issues, especially in the last 10 years. Unhealthy and unsustainable food production poses a global risk for human health and the world. Sustainable nutrition; In addition to ensuring the continuation of natural resources, it is a safe and healthy nutritional behavior that is respectful and protective of biodiversity and ecosystem, accessible, economically appropriate, sufficient in terms of nutrition. However, the tendency to consume healthy foods can become an obsession and negatively affect health and quality of life. As a result of this situation, one of the eating behavior disorders may occur, called “orthorexia nervosa”. This pilot study was planned as cross-sectional and was conducted online with 175 volunteer university students to determine the relationship between sustainable nutrition and orthorexia nervosa tendency. The online questionnaire contains questions about demographic information and health information. The 'Sustainable Nutrition Behavior Scale' and 'Ortho-15' were applied to the students. The increase in the score in the sustainable eating behavior scale indicates that the sustainable eating behavior is more adopted, while the decrease in the score in the Ortho-15 scale indicates that the tendency towards orthorecric behavior increases. Body weight and height were taken based on the declaration and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. A total of 148 female (84.6%) and 27 male (15.4%) university students participated in the study. The mean age and BMI of the participants were calculated as 21.5±3.0 years and 22.2±3.4 kg/m2, respectively. It was found that 76.9% of the students received education in the field of health and 30.9% were in the 4th grade. According to the BMI classification of the students, 69.7% were normal, 19.5% were overweight-obese, and 10.9% were underweight. When the sustainable eating behaviors and orthorexia nervosa tendencies of the participants were examined, it was observed that 52.5% of them adopted the sustainable eating behavior more and 77.1% of them were orthorexic. In addition, it was determined that 46.6% of orthorexic individuals adopted the sustainable eating behavior less (p>0.05). While the mean sustainable nutrition score of women (18.2±5.1) was statistically significantly higher than men (14.1±4.7) (p<0.05), there was no difference between the mean scores of Ortho-15 according to gender (p> 0.05). A significant negative correlation was found between the sustainable nutrition scale score and the Ortho-15 scale score (r=-0.171; p=0.023). In this pilot study, although it is seen as a positive situation that approximately one out of every two students exhibited sustainable eating behaviors, it is a remarkable result that the tendency for orthorexia nervosa is also at a high level. It was found that the tendency of orthorexia nervosa increased as the sustainable eating behavior of the students increased. Further studies are needed to determine whether this increase is associated with orthorexic behaviors.