Random Crystal Field Effect on the Critical Properties of the Mixed Spin-(5/2,1/2) Anisotropic Heisenberg Model in the Oguchi Approximation


Seto G., Yessoufou R. A. A. , Kpadonou A., Albayrak E.

SPIN, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1142/s2010324722500011
  • Title of Journal : SPIN
  • Keywords: Exchange anisotropy, Heisenberg model, random crystal field, Oguchi approximation, hysteresis loop, SPIN TERNARY-ALLOY, CURIE-TEMPERATURE, THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES, UNIAXIAL ANISOTROPY, CRITICAL-BEHAVIOR, PHASE-DIAGRAM, FERROMAGNET, INTEGER, S=1/2, CHAIN

Abstract

We have employed the Oguchi approximation (OA) to investigate the effects of a random crystal field which is active (inactive) with probability p (1-p) for given lattice sites on the thermodynamic properties of the mixed spin-(5/2,1/2) anisotropic Heisenberg model in the presence of an external magnetic field. By exploiting the thermal variations of the order parameters, interesting phase diagrams are produced on various planes. The phase diagrams show first- and second-order transition lines and also tricritical points. In addition to the reentrant behavior which is localized in a certain range of p at very low temperature, the magnetic exponent beta calculated near the critical point exhibits interesting behaviors depending on the crystal field interaction. The hysteresis behavior of the model is also investigated and it reveals that the width of hysteresis loop decreases or increases, respectively, for negative or positive crystal field region as the probability p increases.