Novel extracellular synthesized silver nanoparticles using thermophilic Anoxybacillus flavithermus and Geobacillus stearothermophilus and their evaluation as nanodrugs

Giray G., Gonca S., Özdemir S., Isik Z., YILMAZ E., SOYLAK M., ...More

Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology, vol.54, no.3, pp.294-306, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 54 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10826068.2023.2230496
  • Journal Name: Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Applied Science & Technology Source, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.294-306
  • Keywords: Antimicrobial activity, antioxidant activity, biofilm inhibition activity, microbial cell viability activity, nanoparticles
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


In this investigation, two new thermophilic bacteria were isolated. The new isolates were characterized by 16S rRNA, biochemical, morphological, and physiological analyzes and the isolates were identified as Geobacillus stearothermophilus strain Gecek20 and thermophilic Anoxybacillus flavithermus strain Gecek19. Various biological activities of extracellular Ag-NPs synthesized from thermophilic G. stearothermophilus strain Gecek20 and thermophilic A. flavithermus strain Gecek19 were evaluated. The produced NPs were analyzed by SEM, SEM-EDX, and XRD analyses. The antioxidant abilities of new synthesized Ag-NPs from thermophilic G. stearothermophilus strain Gecek20 (T1-Ag-NPs) and new synthesized Ag-NPs from thermophilic A. flavithermus strain Gecek19 (T2-Ag-NPs) were studied by DPPH inhibition and metal chelating ability. The highest DPPH and metal chelating abilities of T1-Ag-NPs and T2-Ag-NPs at 200 mg/L concentration were 93.17 and 90.85%, and 75.80 and 83.64%, respectively. The extracellular green synthesized T1-Ag-NPs and T2-AgN-Ps showed DNA nuclease activity at all tested concentrations. Moreover, both new synthesized Ag-NPs had antimicrobial activity against the strains studied, especially on Gram positive bacteria. T1-Ag-NPs and T2-AgNPs also showed powerful Escherichia coli growth inhibition. The highest biofilm inhibition percentages of T1-Ag-NPs and T2-Ag-NPs against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus were 100.0%, respectively, at 500 mg/L.