Neutropenia and Increased Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) With Abnormal Neurologic Findings: A Case of Cobalamin D Deficiency


Ustkoyuncu P. S., KENDİRCİ M., KARDAŞ F., Gokay S., PER H., Bayram A. K.

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC HEMATOLOGY ONCOLOGY, vol.41, no.1, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/mph.0000000000001120
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC HEMATOLOGY ONCOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: child, CblD deficiency, neutropenia, increased mean corpuscular volume, CBLD DEFECT
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Disorders of intracellular cobalamin (Cbl) metabolism are classified from A to J according to biochemical phenotype, and genetic and complementation analyses. CblD-deficient patients present with developmental, hematologic, neurologic, and metabolic findings. Clinical Observation: An 11-year-old boy presented with neutropenia, increased mean corpuscular volume, psychomotor retardation, and seizures. His plasma total homocysteine and urinary methylmalonic acid levels were elevated, and a homozygous nonsense mutation [p. R250X (c.748C>T] leading to premature termination of translation was identified in the MMADHC gene, which was compatible with CblD defect. Conclusion: In the presence of increased mean corpuscular volume and other hematologic manifestations, such as leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and megaloblastic anemia, with severe nonspecific or mild neurologic symptoms, Cbl synthesis defects should be considered.