Effect of attachment configuration on the trapping efficiency of Vaseline-coated slide catchers for windblown particles


BAŞARAN M. , Erpul G., Ozcan A. U. , Bogman P., Cornelis W. M. , Gabriels D.

ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES, cilt.61, ss.1375-1384, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 61 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s12665-010-0455-0
  • Dergi Adı: ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1375-1384

Özet

There are various types of the windblown sediment traps developed for wind tunnel and field studies. One of the main supports expected from these traps is in measuring surface dust concentrations to appropriately derive flux equations. The measurement performance and accuracy of a trap is very important and depends strictly upon the physical characteristics and the behaviors of dust grains with air flows. This paper presents the measurement results of static pressure distribution (SPD) of wind flow around Vaseline-coated slide (VCS) catchers with an aim of finding out whether or not particle trapping efficiency (eta) of the VCS is related to the SPD. The SPD was evaluated by a wind reduction coefficient (R (c)) in a series of wind tunnel experiments with different VCS settings which have different attachment configurations on a pole. Three VCS configurations were considered: a configuration on a circular plastic pole (CPP) and two configurations on wooden square poles (WSP(1) and WSP(2), respectively). Thus, the primary contribution of this work was to experimentally analyze the effect of the different attachment configurations on the SPD, and the secondary objective was to determine the effect of the SPD on the eta. It was shown that spatial correlation and spatial pattern of the R (c) were different in the surrounding area of each configuration, and ANOVA and DUNCAN tests indicated that eta(s) of WSP(1), WSP(2), and CPP were different at the significant level of P a parts per thousand currency sign 0.05 with the mean of 0.94 +/- A 0.09, 0.63 +/- A 0.14, and 1.13 +/- A 0.07, respectively. Additionally, the amount of PM(20), PM(40), PM(60), PM(80), and PM(100) trapped by the configurations of WSP(1), WSP(2), and CPP considerably varied depending upon the particular aerodynamic circumstances associated with every configuration.