Optimization of chemical coagulation of real textile wastewater using Taguchi experimental design method


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GÖKKUŞ Ö. , YILDIZ Y. Ş. , YAVUZ B.

DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT, cilt.49, ss.263-271, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 49
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/19443994.2012.719334
  • Dergi Adı: DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.263-271

Özet

In the present study, optimal coagulation conditions, such as pH, coagulant dosage, slow mixing rate, rapid mixing rate, and initial concentration, were determinated using the Taguchi experimental design method. Color and turbidity were considered as performance statistics. An L-25 (5(5)) orthogonal array was selected as the experimental plan for the five parameters mentioned above. Performance measure analysis was followed by performing a variance analysis, in order to determine the optimum levels and relative magnitude of the effect of parameters. The obtained results allowed concluding that the optimal conditions in terms of color and turbidity removals were initial pH of the wastewater of 9, coagulant dosage of 200 and 400mg Al3+/l, slow mixing rate of 15 and 30 rpm, rapid mixing rate of 150, and initial concentration of wastewater of C-o/4, respectively. At the end of the experimental studies, obtained color and turbidity removal results for real textile wastewater were 99.43 and 99.22%, respectively, at these optimum conditions.

In the present study, optimal coagulation conditions, such as pH, coagulant dosage, slow
mixing rate, rapid mixing rate, and initial concentration, were determinated using the Taguchi experimental design method. Color and turbidity were considered as performance statistics. A L25 orthogonal array was selected as the experimental plan for the five parameters mentioned above. Performance measure analysis was followed by performing a variance analysis, in order to determine the optimum levels and relative magnitude of the effect of parameters. The obtained results allowed concluding that the optimal conditions in terms of color and turbidity removals were initial pH of the wastewater of 9, coagulant dosage of 200 and 400 mg Al3+/L, slow mixing rate of 15 and 30 rpm, rapid mixing rate of 150, and initial concentration of wastewater of Co/4, respectively. At the end of the experimental studies, obtained color and turbidity removal results for real textile wastewater were 99.4 and 99.2%, respectively, at these optimum conditions.