The effects of freeze-and-thaw cycles on phosphorus availability in highland soils in Turkey


ÖZGÜL M., Gunes A., ESRİNGÜ A., Turan M.

JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION AND SOIL SCIENCE, cilt.175, ss.827-839, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 175 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/jpln.201100407
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION AND SOIL SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.827-839

Özet

Ongoing global warming may result in colder soil and thawing cycles and will increase the frequency of soil freezing-and-thawing-treated cycles (FTCs) during winter in the cool-temperate and high-latitude regions. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of repeated freezethaw cycles on the solubility and adsorption of P in lab and field experiments on Pellustert, Argiustoll, Haplustept, Fluvaquent, and Calciorthid soils, the major soil groups in E Turkey. The results demonstrated that, depending on the soil type, the freezethaw cycle could increase the adsorption and desorption of P within a certain temperature range. Repeated freezing and thawing decreased equilibrium P concentration (EPC) and increased P adsorption. EPC and P adsorption were strongly correlated with the number of FTCs. The highest P adsorption and the lowest P desorption was found in Pellustert followed by Argiustoll, Calciorthid, Haplustept, Fluvaquent when refrozen at 10 degrees C for 15 d, then thawed at +2.5 degrees C for 18 h, and 9 times FTC. However, in the field study, the adsorption value was lower than the value obtained from the laboratory condition. It appears that increasing the frequency of freezethaw processes depending on increase in temperature that leads to decreased plant-available soil P pools, thus requires more P fertilizer in soil solution to supply adequate P during the plant-growth period.