Activated carbon and multiwalled carbon nanotubes as efficient adsorbents for removal of arsenazo(III) and methyl red from waste water

Ghaedi M., Shokrollahi A., Tavallali H., Shojaiepoor F., Keshavarz B., Hossainian H., ...More

TOXICOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY, vol.93, no.3, pp.438-449, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 93 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/02772248.2010.540244
  • Page Numbers: pp.438-449


In this study, removal of arsenazo(III) using activated carbon (AC) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes and of methyl red using AC from waste water is reported. The influences of pH, temperature, concentration of the dye, amount of adsorbents, particle size of adsorbent, and contact time on the efficiency of removal from aqueous solution are investigated. Adsorption experiments indicate that the extent of adsorption is strongly dependent on the pH of the solution. Changes in free energy of adsorption (Delta G(0)), enthalpy (Delta H-0), and entropy (Delta S-0) are calculated to understand the nature of adsorption. The calculated values of Delta G(0) indicate that the adsorption process is spontaneous. The estimated values of Delta H-0 and Delta S-0 are positive which indicates that the adsorption process is endothermic and that the dye molecules are organized on the adsorbent surface in a more random fashion than in solution. The dye adsorption process follows a pseudo-second-order model under involvement of an intra-particle diffusion mechanism. Standard adsorption isotherms are used to fit the experimental data.