The Reliability and Validity Study of Turkish Version of the Death Depression Scale-Revised Among Nurses

Ödek Ö., Savas M., ÖZKAN F., ZİNCİR H.

Omega (United States), 2023 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/00302228231210898
  • Journal Name: Omega (United States)
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, IBZ Online, Periodicals Index Online, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, AgeLine, ATLA Religion Database, CINAHL, EBSCO Education Source, Education Abstracts, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Psycinfo, Social services abstracts, Sociological abstracts, Violence & Abuse Abstracts
  • Keywords: attitudes-death, caregivers, death, death anxiety, support groups
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


The study aimed to establish the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Death Depression Scale-Revised (DDS-R) with a sample of 284 nurses. Cronbach’s coefficient for the whole scale was.909 and the sub-dimension values were calculated as.934,.798,.715, and.537. The test-retest reliability coefficient was found to be.880. The content validity index (CVI) of the scale was calculated as.86. The results of the exploratory factor analysis showed that 62.254% variance was explained in 4 sub-dimensions of the scale (existential vacuum, death emptiness, other death, death sadness). Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that a four-dimensional structure yielded a good fit (X2/df = 3.124, RMSEA =.087). TDDS-R was found to be a valid and reliable measurement tool in determining the death depression levels of nurses.