A study on the relation of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms with obesity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

Soyak H. M., AÇMAZ G.

KLINIK PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-TURKISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY, vol.26, no.4, pp.293-299, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier


Objective: The goal of this study is to investigate ADHD symptoms and the relation of with obesity in women withMethod: One hundred twenty five PCOS patients with biochemical hyperandrogenemia were recruited for the study group. For comparison, 125 healthy women were included the study. Current and childhood ADHD symptoms were assessed by using the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) and Wender-Utah Rating Scale (WURS) and impulsivity was assesed by using the Barrat Impulsivity Scale (BIS).Results: There were no significant difference between the groups in terms of sociodemographic characteristics, but Body Mass Index (BMI) was significantly higher in the PCOS group than the control group. Women with PCOS had significantly higher total current (ASRS) and total childhood (WURS) ADHD scores than controls. Inattention score of ASRS and hyperactivity-Impulsivity score of ASRS were higher in PCOS group. Women with PCOS had significantly higher total impulsivity (BIS) scores than controls. Attention impulsivity score of BIS, motor impulsivity score of BIS and Non-planning impulsivity score of BIS were higher in PCOS group. A positive correlation was found between BMI and all scale scores in both PCOS and control groups.Discussion: The results of the study show that women with PCOS have higher current and childhood ADHD symptoms and impulsivity. Also, high serum androgen levels and obesity in the PCOS and control group are associated with both adult ADHD symptoms and impulsivity. Further studies are needed to confirm our findings. We suggest that not only gynecologist but also a multidisciplinary team should examine these patients.