Music and Ideology: Popular Music and Popular Culture in Turkey

Koç Ç. T.

in: Ideology and Communication Symbolic Reflections of Intellectual Designs, Zeynep Gültekin Akçay,Mahmut Akgül, Editor, Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., Berlin, pp.85-103, 2020

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Publisher: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.
  • City: Berlin
  • Page Numbers: pp.85-103
  • Editors: Zeynep Gültekin Akçay,Mahmut Akgül, Editor
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


Popular music plays a crucial role in the dissemination of ideologies to the masses

by the incorporation of lyrics in to songs. Music can be defined as a social signifier which

denotes the identity of the individuals by indicating as to what might be right. Music

itself gives an individual identity within a group that comes from belonging to a community.

Even though music is not an ideology, music functions just the same as ideology

by allowing individuals to place themselves in to a group that generates the categories of

“self and the other”. These identities are mostly shaped by the dominant ideology and its

discourse in a certain period of a time. In our post-modern consumption culture, music

serves the globalization ideology by tracing popular trends in a particular of music genre

in a certain time. In spite of the essential role of music in maintaining the globalization

ideology, it is seen that there are a few of studies that attract attention to the close relationship

between music and globalization ideology in the literature. Therefore, arabesque

music of the 1980s and rap music of the 2000s are selected of being popular music genres

in Turkey in order to discover the relationship between globalization ideology and the

music consumption. In the study, arabesque and rap music were reviewed as a production

of music industries in consumption culture from the perspective of Critical Theory, rather

than rather than being a genre.