Modeling and control of a helicopter slung-load system


Oktay T. , Sultan C.

AEROSPACE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.29, no.1, pp.206-222, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ast.2013.03.005
  • Title of Journal : AEROSPACE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.206-222

Abstract

 

This article investigates modeling and modern control for a helicopter and slung-load system. For this purpose complex, physics based, control oriented helicopter models are used. Point mass approach is used to model the external load’s dynamics. The resulting nonlinear equations of motion are then trimmed for straight level flights and linearized around these flight conditions. Behaviors of representative trim variable values (i.e. cable angle and longitudinal and lateral cyclic blade pitch angles) and modes (i.e. flight dynamics and load modes) are thoroughly examined while some model parameters (e.g. cable length, load mass, and equivalent flat plate area) change. These behaviors are compared to data
found in the literature. Furthermore, variance constrained controllers (i.e. output variance constrained and input variance constrained controllers) are applied for control system design. These controllers’ performance is examined when they are aware of the slung-load’s existence and when they are not aware of the slung-load.
 
This article investigates modeling and modern control for a helicopter and slung-load system. For this purpose complex, physics based, control oriented helicopter models are used. Point mass approach is used to model the external load's dynamics. The resulting nonlinear equations of motion are then trimmed for straight level flights and linearized around these flight conditions. Behaviors of representative trim variable values (i.e. cable angle and longitudinal and lateral cyclic blade pitch angles) and modes (i.e. flight dynamics and load modes) are thoroughly examined while some model parameters (e.g. cable length, load mass, and equivalent flat plate area) change. These behaviors are compared to data found in the literature. Furthermore, variance constrained controllers (i.e. output variance constrained and input variance constrained controllers) are applied for control system design. These controllers' performance is examined when they are aware of the slung-load's existence and when they are not aware of the slung-load. (C) 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.