Aim: The aim of the present study is to evaluate sleep quality in the elderly living in Kirsehir city center and to identify related factors. Material and Method: Subjects of this descriptive study included elderly individuals registered in family health centers in Kirsehir city center. The sample included 700 elderly individuals selected using stratified sampling method. Data were collected via face-to-face interviews conducted on December 3%u201331, 2016, using a questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and UCLA Loneliness Scale. Ethics committee approval and informed consent of patients were obtained. Numbers, percentages and mean values, as well as logistic regression (enter method) were used in statistical analysis. Results: The mean sleep quality score was 7.63 +/- 3.23, and 70.4% of them had poor sleep quality. According to the logistic regression analysis, risk factors that had a negative effect on sleep quality were female sex, low educational level, being single/divorced, having no children, negative perception of economic status, presence of a chronic disease, regular medication use, daytime sleepiness, and feelings of loneliness. Discussion: According to the findings of the study, elderly individuals had poor sleep quality, and several factors such as demographic and socioeconomic factors had a negative effect on sleep quality. According to the results of the present study, we suggest conducting community-based studies to evaluate risk factors that have a negative effect on sleep quality in elderly individuals, while considering psychological and social care, support, and care and management of chronic illnesses.