© 2017, EDIMES Edizioni Medico Scientifiche. All rights reserved.Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality particularly in paediatric patients. Early diagnosis and the initiation of efficacious antifungal treatments could affect the prognosis of these patients. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical contribution of Galactomannan (GM) screening in paediatric patients. We reviewed the records of all in-patients, and followed up, in the various units at the Medical Faculty Children’s Hospital of Erciyes University (Kayseri, Turkey), those who had at least one GM assay result from August 2009 to April 2012. Paediatric patients were classified as proven, probable or possible, according to the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/ Mycoses Study Group (EORTC/MSG). Twenty-five patients, with proven IA (n=3), probable IA (n=9) and possible IA (n=13) were included in the study. The GM antigen assay results were analysed in 158 blood samples from 47 patients. At the cut-off value of 0.5 ng/ml, the sensitivity was 68% [95% confidence interval (CI); 47-85]; specificity, 77% (95% CI; 55-92). To obtain more accurate results with GM testing, the diagnosis of IA should be confirmed by clinical investigation and the factors causing false positivity of the test should also be considered.