Participatory Ecosytem Management Planning at Tuzla Lake: Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping

AKDOĞAN A. A., Dadaşer Çelik F., Özesmi U., vol.1, pp.1-43, 2005 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Journal Name:
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-43
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


A participatory environmental management plan was prepared for Tuzla Lake, Turkey. 
Fuzzy cognitive mapping approach was used to obtain stakeholder views and desires. 
Cognitive maps were prepared with 44 stakeholders (villagers, local decisionmakers, 
government and non-government organization (NGO) officials). Graph theory indices, 
statistical methods and "What-if" simulations were used in the analysis. The most mentioned 
variables were livelihood, agriculture and animal husbandry. The most central variable was 
agriculture for local people (villagers and local decisionmakers) and education for 
NGO&Government officials. All the stakeholders agreed that livelihood was increased by 
agriculture and animal husbandry while hunting decreased birds and wildlife. Although local 
people focused on their livelihoods, NGO&Government officials focused on conservation of 
Tuzla Lake and education of local people. Stakeholders indicated that the conservation status 
of Tuzla Lake should be strengthened to conserve the ecosystem and biodiversity, which may 
be negatively impacted by agriculture and irrigation. Stakeholders mentioned salt extraction, 
ecotourism, and carpet weaving as alternative economic activities. Cognitive mapping 
provided an effective tool for the inclusion of the stakeholders’ views and ensured initial 
participation in environmental planning and policy making