A COMPARISON OF RESPIRATORY FUNCTION PARAMETERS OF THE INDIVIDUALS RECOVERED FROM MILD COVID-19 AND THEIR NON-INFECTED COUNTERPARTS


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Koç M., Coşkun B., Öniz M., Sarıtaş N.

Avrasya Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.6, no.3, pp.122-131, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Abstract

Purpose: The COVID-19 epidemic particularly affects the immune and respiratory systems, leading to critical care and fatalities. Even if COVID-19 patients test negative after recovery, they may continue to experience post-COVID-19 effects, mainly in relation to the respiratory system. This study aims to compare the body composition and selected respiratory parameters between adults who have recovered from the disease with mild symptoms and individuals who have not been infected. Material and Methods: A total of 60 sedentary adults (12 males who previously tested positive and 24 who tested negative; 15 females who previously tested positive and 9 who tested negative) voluntarily participated in the study. The groups were categorized as positive (COVID-19 recovered within the past 6 months) and negative (non-infected). Measurements were taken for body composition and respiratory parameters, including vital capacity, forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in one second, forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of vital capacity, tiffeneau index, and peak expiratory flow rate. Results: According to the results of the independent sample t-test, there was no statistically significant difference in spirometric values between sedentary adults who had COVID-19 six months prior and their non-infected counterparts (p>0.05). Conclusion: Based on the study results, it is believed that the respiratory functions of individuals who recovered from COVID-19 with mild symptoms may have returned to normal after 6 months.