Is there a trade-off between sustainable society targets in Sub-Saharan Africa?


KOÇAK E., ULUCAK R. , DEDEOĞLU M. , Ulucak Z.

SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND SOCIETY, vol.51, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.scs.2019.101705
  • Title of Journal : SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND SOCIETY
  • Keywords: Sustainable development, Poverty, Carbon dioxide (CO2), Africa, Panel quantile regression, ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE, RENEWABLE ENERGY-CONSUMPTION, CLIMATE-CHANGE MITIGATION, ECONOMIC-GROWTH, CO2 EMISSIONS, QUANTILE REGRESSION, POVERTY REDUCTION, ELECTRICITY ACCESS, BIOMASS ENERGY, PANEL

Abstract

Poverty and climate change are important matters to be struggled within the scope of sustainable development goals. However, there may exist a paradoxical situation that implies a trade-off relationship between poverty alleviation and CO2 emissions reduction efforts. In this context, this paper investigates whether such a relationship existed or not in the 48 Sub-Saharan African countries over the period 2010-2016 by employing a panel quantile regression method. Estimation outputs reveal that there is a strong trade-off between poverty and CO2 emissions for all quantile levels. Results also provide evidence that access to electricity has a reducing and enhancing effect on poverty and CO2 emissions, respectively. Results also show that institutional improvements help reducing both poverty and CO2 emissions.