Many different micro and nano sized materials have been used for enzymes immobilization in order to increase their catalytic activity and stability. Generally, immobilized enzymes with conventional immobilization techniques exhibit improved stability while their activity is lowered compared to free enzymes. Recently, an elegant immobilization approach was discovered in synthesis of flower-like organic-inorganic hybrid nanostructures with extraordinary catalytic activity and stability. In this novel immobilization strategy, proteins (enzymes) and metal ions acted as organic and inorganic components, respectively to form hybrid nanoflowers (hNFs). It is demonstrated that the hNFs highly enhanced catalytic activities and stability in a wide range of experimental conditions (pHs, temperatures and salt concentration, etc.) compared to free and conventionally immobilized enzymes. This review mainly discussed the synthesis, characterization, development and applications of organic-inorganic hybrid nanoflowers formed of various enzymes and metal ions and explained potential mechanism underlying enhanced catalytic activity and stability. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.