First report and molecular prevalence of potential zoonotic Enterocytozoon bieneusi in Turkish tumbler pigeons (Columba livia domestica)

Pekmezci D., Yetişmiş G. , Colak Z. N. , Düzlü Ö. , Ozkilic G. N. , İnci A. , ...More

MEDICAL MYCOLOGY, vol.59, no.9, pp.864-868, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/mmy/myab013
  • Title of Journal : MEDICAL MYCOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.864-868
  • Keywords: Columba livia, Enterocytozoon bieneusi, Peru6, tumbler pigeon, Turkey, HUMAN-ASSOCIATED MICROSPORIDIA, ENCEPHALITOZOON, BIRDS, CONFIDENCE, GENOTYPES, STOOL, SPP.


A total of 250 droppings of tumbler pigeons (Columba livia domestica, Columbidae) were collected individually from different breeders in Turkey, to investigate the presence and genotyping of microsporidian species by nested PCR and to reveal their zoonotic potential. In the present study, Enterocytozoon bieneusi was the only microsporidian species identified in 35 pigeons with an overall molecular prevalence of 14.0%. Only one known genotype zoonotic Peru6 was identified in all positive samples according to the sequence analyses of the internal transcribed spacer region of ribosomal DNA of E. bieneusi. This study represents the first report of E. bieneusi in pigeons in Turkey. Our study also confirms the competence of breeding pigeons as hosts for the zoonotic Peru6 genotype, corroborating its potential role as a source of human infection and environmental contamination.