The influence of activator type and quantity on the transport properties of class F fly ash geopolymer

Atabey I. I. , KARAHAN O. , Bilim C., ATİŞ C. D.

CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, vol.264, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 264
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.120268
  • Keywords: Geopolymer, Class F fly ash, Transport properties, Activator type, Activator ratios, CORROSION-RESISTANCE, CHLORIDE PENETRATION, PORTLAND-CEMENT, CONCRETE, DURABILITY, STRENGTH, TECHNOLOGY, MORTARS, STEEL


It is known that transport properties of porous materials were important in terms of its durability aspect. In this paper, the effect of activator type, Na amount on the transport properties of geopolymer mortar made with class F fly ash were explored. Two different class F fly ash were employed in producing geopolymer that activated alkaline solutions. As alkali activator, sodium hydroxide solution, and combination of sodium silicate with sodium hydroxide were used. Activator contained 6%, 9%, 12% and 15% of fly ash weight as Na amount. Heat curing regimes were imposed to specimens at 100 degrees C temperature for 24 h duration. Tests were carried out on the geopolymer samples including water absorption, volume of permeable voids, sorptivity, depth of penetration of water under pressure, chloride ion penetration and accelerated corrosion. It is found that the transport properties of geopolymer samples are improved by increasing the Na amounts of mortar mixtures from 6% to 15%. In general, better results were obtained with 15% Na ratio. The mortars produced with only sodium hydroxide have shown better transport properties than mortars made with combination of sodium hydroxide-sodium silicate mixture. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.