Diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder using EOG signals: a new approach


LATİFOĞLU F. , Esas M. Y. , DEMİRCİ E.

Biomedizinische Technik, vol.65, pp.149-164, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 65
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/bmt-2019-0027
  • Title of Journal : Biomedizinische Technik
  • Page Numbers: pp.149-164
  • Keywords: attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, attention test, electrooculogram, DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, ADHD, INHIBITION, SYMPTOMS, ADULTS

Abstract

A system based on objective data was developed in the diagnosis and follow-up of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in this study. First of all, an electronic circuit, with a two-channel instrumentation amplifier designed to detect eye movements in the horizontal and vertical directions via surface electrodes, was developed to obtain the electrooculogram (EOG) signals. In order to provide a controlled analysis of eye movements during the reception of the signal, an attention test with visual stimulus software was developed. Eight patients with ADHD and eight healthy subjects were asked to monitor the stimulus images on the screen in the reference directions of the test system while recording EOG signals. According to the results of the t-test, no significant difference was found (p = 0.11) between the healthy group and the reference movement information, whereas a significant difference was found between patients and the reference motion information (p= 0.049). According to these results, it was seen that the number of eye movements of healthy individuals was statistically significant. In addition, they were inconsistent with the reference movement information. The level of significance was found to be low in patients. In this study, a new method is presented to test and diagnose individuals who were attention deficit.