Hematologically important mutations: The autosomal recessive forms of chronic granulomatous disease (second update)


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Roos D., Kuhns D. B. , Maddalena A., Bustamante J., Kannengiesser C., De Boer M., ...More

BLOOD CELLS MOLECULES AND DISEASES, vol.44, pp.291-299, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2010.01.009
  • Title of Journal : BLOOD CELLS MOLECULES AND DISEASES
  • Page Numbers: pp.291-299
  • Keywords: Chronic granulomatous disease, Mutation, Polymorphism, Autosomal recessive, NADPH oxidase, PHAGOCYTE NADPH OXIDASE, SPLICE-SITE MUTATION, POINT MUTATION, JAPANESE PATIENTS, LIGHT CHAIN, GENE CAUSES, CYBA, PATIENT, P22-PHOX, FAMILIES

Abstract

 Chronic granulomatous Disease (CGD) is an immunodeficiency disorder affecting about 1 in 250,000 individuals. The disease is caused by mutations in the genes encoding the components of the leukocyte NADPH oxidase. This enzyme produces superoxide, which is essential in the process of intracellular pathogen killing by phagocytic leukocytes. Four of the five genes involved in CGD are autosomal; these are CYBA, encoding p22-phox, NCF2, encoding p67-phox, NCF1, encoding p47-phox, and NCF4, encoding p40-phox. This article lists all mutations identified in these genes in the autosomal forms of CGD. Moreover, polymorphisms in these genes are also given, which should facilitate the recognition of future disease-causing mutations. (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Chronic granulomatous Disease (CGD) is an immunodeficiency disorder affecting about 1 in 250,000 individuals. The disease is caused by mutations in the genes encoding the components of the leukocyte NADPH oxidase. This enzyme produces superoxide, which is essential in the process of intracellular pathogen killing by phagocytic leukocytes. Four of the five genes involved in CGD are autosomal; these are CYBA, encoding p22-phox, NCF2, encoding p67-phox, NCF1, encoding p47-phox, and NCF4, encoding p40-phox. This article lists all mutations identified in these genes in the autosomal forms of CGD. Moreover, polymorphisms in these genes are also given, which should facilitate the recognition of future disease-causing mutations. (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.