Study on turning performance of PVD TiN coated Al2O3+TiCN ceramic tool under cutting fluid reinforced by nano-sized solid particles

Kivak T., Sarikaya M., YILDIRIM Ç. V. , Sirin S.

JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING PROCESSES, vol.56, pp.522-539, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jmapro.2020.05.017
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Compendex, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.522-539
  • Keywords: Nanofluid, Graphene nanoplatelets, Multi walled carbon nanotubes, Ceramic cutting tool, MQL, Turning, THERMAL-CONDUCTIVITY, SURFACE-ROUGHNESS, WEAR MECHANISMS, STEEL, OPTIMIZATION, NANOPARTICLE
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


Due to their excellent chemical stability, hardness and abrasion resistance, ceramic cutting tools are suitable for operations at very high cutting speeds, which play a decisive role in high productivity. Thanks to these properties, they are significantly resistant to high temperatures occurred in the cutting zone. However, after a certain point, excessive temperature rise in the cutting zone brings some problems. This is seen as a problem that should be overcome as it affects negatively machining efficiency. However, the poor resistance of ceramic tools to thermal shocks is an important factor restricting the use of flood cooling. Alternatively, promising results have been achieved recently in MQL and nanofluid-MQL applications particularly on carbide cutting tools. When these methods are used together with ceramic cutting tools, the behavior of ceramic cutters and their effect on machinability outputs is still a matter of curiosity. Therefore, in order to observe the interaction between ceramic cutting tool and minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) and nanofluid-MQL, we investigated the turning performance of PVD TiN coated Al2O3+TiCN ceramic tool under dry, pure-MQL and nanofluid-MQL reinforced by nano-sized solid particles such as graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) and multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of cooling/lubrication (C/L) environment and cutting parameters on tool life, surface roughness and maximum temperature of chip. In addition, a series of experiments were also made to observe the effect of only C/L environment on the wear behavior of the ceramic tools and the machined surface topography while keeping the cutting parameters constant. As a result, pure-MQL contributed to the reduction of nose wear by about 69% compared to dry machining, while GNPs based nanofluid-MQL helped to reduce the surface roughness by 19.42%.