Fruit Weight, Total Phenolics, Acidity and Sugar Content of Edible Wild Pear (Pyrus elaeagnifolia Pall.) Fruits

Yilmaz K. U. , Ercisli S., ÇAM M. , UZUN A. , YILMAZTEKİN M., Kafkas E., ...More

ERWERBS-OBSTBAU, vol.57, no.4, pp.179-184, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 57 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10341-015-0246-6
  • Title of Journal : ERWERBS-OBSTBAU
  • Page Numbers: pp.179-184
  • Keywords: Pyrus elaeagnifolia, Wild pear, Sugar content, Total phenolics, Acidity, ANTIOXIDANT CHARACTERISTICS, L. GENOTYPES, CULTIVARS, PROFILE, APPLE


Wild pear (Pyrus eleagnifolia) is a naturally grown species mainly in inner Anatolia and its edible small fruits are traditionally consumed by local peoples and are called "Ahlat" in Turkey. Its seedlings are also used as rootstock for commercial pear cultivars. In this study, we reported first time pomological characteristics and biochemical compositions in fruits of a wide number selected wild pears genotypes (Pyrus eleagnifolia Pall.) from inner Anatolia. The obtained results revealed that there were significant differences among wild pear genotypes for all analyzed parameters. Fruit weight, total phenolics, total acidity and total sugar contents of the fruits varied from 4.71 to 27.09 g, 42.79 to 119.14 mg GAE/100 g, 0.20 to 1.40 g/100 g and 8.36 to 19.31 g/100 g, respectively. Considering these values, it was concluded that naturally grown wild pears of Anatolia with their rich salubrious biochemical compounds could reliably be used as a food source for humans.