Intraguild predation of Planococcus ficus parasitoids Anagyrus pseudococci and Leptomastix dactylopii by Nephus kreissli

MUŞTU M. , Kilincer N.

BIOCONTROL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.24, no.3, pp.257-269, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/09583157.2013.856866
  • Page Numbers: pp.257-269
  • Keywords: biological control, consumption, intraguild predation, parasitoid, predator, vine mealybug, VINE MEALYBUG, HYMENOPTERA, MONTROUZIERI, ENCYRTIDAE, COLEOPTERA, APHIDIIDAE, PREFERENCE, HOMOPTERA, MORTALITY, HEMIPTERA


Intraguild predation of the mealybug parasitoids Anagyrus pseudococci (Girault), and Leptomastix dactylopii Howard (Hymenoptera: Encrytidae) by Nephus kreissli Fursch & Uygun (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) was studied. The latter is a native predator of the important pest Planococcus ficus (Signoret) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on grapevines in Turkey. For this purpose, P. ficus of different ages parasitised by A. pseudococci or L. dactylopii, or by both A. pseudococci and L. dactylopii, were served to fourth instars and adults of N. kreissli as food. Experiments were conducted using two different treatments: no-choice (served unparasitised or only one stage of parasitised mealybug) and choice (served unparasitised and only one age of parasitised mealybug together), under controlled environmental conditions. Both fourth instars and adult predators were fed on two- and four-day-old mealybugs parasitised by A. pseudococci or on two-, four- and six-day-old mealybugs parasitised by L. dactylopii or by either A. pseudococci or L. dactylopii. The predators could not consume six-day-old mealybugs parasitised by A. pseudococci, eight-day-old mealybugs parasitised by L. dactylopii, or those parasitised by either of these parasitoids which had become mummified. While it was found that the adult predators preferred parasitised mealybugs to unparasitised, the larvae did not show a pronounced preference between parasitised and unparasitised mealybugs (except for mealybugs parasitised by A. pseudococci).