William Cheselden (1688-1752) was a British surgeon and anatomist who was famous for his rapid and skilful techniques. He emphasized learning through dissection and introduced lateral lithotomy as an effective approach for the removal of bladder stones. Medical practitioners throughout Europe adopted his techniques. Cheselden also has been credited with the first known case of full recovery from blindness using iridectomy. Moreover, a milestone in his career was his indirect instigation for the separation of surgeons from barbers. He is considered the founder of modern British surgery.