Measurement of beam-correlated background neutrons from the Fermilab Booster Neutrino Beam in ANNIE Phase-I

Back A. R. , Beacom J. F. , Boschi T., Carber D., Catano-Mur E., Chen M., ...More

JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, vol.15, no.3, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1748-0221/15/03/p03011


The Accelerator Neutrino Neutron Interaction Experiment (ANNIE) aims to make a unique measurement of neutron yield from neutrino-nucleus interactions and to perform R&D for the next generation of water-based neutrino detectors. In this paper, we characterize beam-induced neutron backgrounds in the experimental hall at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. It is shown that the background levels are sufficiently low to allow the next stage of the experiment to proceed. These measurements are relevant to other Booster Neutrino Beam (BNB) [1] experiments located adjacent to ANNIE Hall, where dirt neutrons and sky-shine could present similar backgrounds.