Evaluation of waste slags produced by zinc industry in bituminous hot mixtures

AKTAŞ B., Bozdemir S.

JOURNAL OF MATERIAL CYCLES AND WASTE MANAGEMENT, vol.19, no.1, pp.192-200, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Owing to the large amount of waste slags produced by zinc industry, it has become necessary to recycle it in some areas. Road construction has significant potential for the use of waste materials because more material is always needed. In this study, the engineering behaviour of asphalt concrete was investigated using mineral aggregates with waste slag, which is a by-product of the zinc-lead production industry. The asphalt concrete tested in this study was fabricated using 25, 50, 75 and 100 % mixing ratios instead of the conventional fine mineral aggregate (11, 22, 33 and 44 % rate of total aggregate mixture) to determine the possibility of using slags in the binder course of bituminous hot mixtures. The asphalt concretes, made of waste slags and conventional asphalt concrete, were evaluated in terms of their fundamental engineering properties such as Marshall stability, flow, Marshall quotient (MQ), bulk specific gravity, air voids and voids filled with bitumen in the total mix characteristics. The results indicate that the addition of waste slag as mineral aggregate improves the engineering characteristic performance and that it can be used in bituminous hot mixtures. In addition, principal component analyses were applied to examine the significance of each Marshall parameter, and a regression model was developed to estimate the MQ value using effective parameters.