Mycophenolate mofetil-induced pseudotumor cerebri in a boy with autoimmune lymphoproliferative disease


PATIROĞLU T. , Ozcan A. , KARAKÜKCÜ M. , Ozdemir M. A. , Poyrazoglu G., CANPOLAT M. , ...More

CHILDS NERVOUS SYSTEM, vol.27, no.5, pp.853-855, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00381-011-1402-4
  • Title of Journal : CHILDS NERVOUS SYSTEM
  • Page Numbers: pp.853-855
  • Keywords: Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome, Child, Mycophenolate mofetil, Pseudotumor cerebri, IDIOPATHIC INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) is a syndrome characterized with increased intracranial pressure, normal cerebrospinal fluid content (CSF), and a normal brain on imaging studies. In this case report, PTC has been linked to mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) that has been used for autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS). CASE REPORT: A 5-year-old boy, who was using MMF for 4 months because of the ALPS, suffered from occipital headache and vomiting with no other symptom. The initial physical examination was normal expect bilateral papilledema. The patient underwent a lumbar puncture which showed elevated opening pressure (590 mmH²O) but no laboratory abnormalities of the CSF. A diagnosis of PTC was established. MMF was stopped, and the child was started on an acetazolamide treatment for 2 weeks. His symptoms and complaints recovered after this treatment. DISCUSSION: According to our knowledge, we report the first case of MMF-induced PTC in a boy with ALPS. This case illustrates that despite the rarity of MMF-induced PTC, the physicians should be aware of this possibility. Furthermore, in the setting of new-onset headaches or visual changes, early ophthalmologic examination for papilledema is recommended for early diagnosis. PMID:21305306[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) is a syndrome characterized with increased intracranial pressure, normal cerebrospinal fluid content (CSF), and a normal brain on imaging studies. In this case report, PTC has been linked to mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) that has been used for autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS).